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Python Split String Into List Of Characters

Last Updated : Jul 1, 2023

Python Split String Into List Of Characters

In this tutorial we will show you the solution of python split string into list of characters, the sequence of characters is called a String. A character can be anything, such as symbols, alphabets, numbers, and so on.

The computer doesn’t understand any of these characters or Strings, but rather it understands only binary numbers.

String split means splitting or breaking the given string into smaller pieces.

If you have worked on strings in any programming language, then you might know about concatenation. String split is just the opposite of it. So let us start.

Step By Step Guide On Python Split String Into List Of Characters :-

In many ways, you can split a string into a list of characters in Python. You can use any of the methods mentioned below to split a string into a list of characters:

  • Using for loop
  • Using the List class.
  • Using join() + split() method
#Using for loop to split string into characters
def getChars(str):
 return [char for char in str]
str1 = 'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz'
print(getChars(str1))

#Using the list class to split string into characters
str2 = 'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz'
chars = list(str2)
print(chars)

#Using the join() and split() functions to split a string into characters
str3 = "abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz"
str3 = " ".join(str3)
chars = str3.split(" ")
print(chars)
  1. The first line is a comment saying “Using for loop to split string into characters”, which is the first method you can try to split a given string into characters.
  2. The first method is very easy and simple to use in a Python program. The next line defines a function named getChars() which will accept one parameter, which is a string. Here it is a variable named str.
  3. In the function, there is a return statement which will return the value of the variable char at each iteration.
  4. In the next line, there is a variable named str1 which has a value of “abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz” assigned to it.
  5. In the next line, there is a print statement which calls the function getChars() with the parameter of the variable str1.
  6. In the next line there is a comment saying “Using the list class to split string into characters”, which you can use to split a string into a list of characters.
  7. In the next line, there is another variable named str2 with the value of “abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz” assigned to it.
  8. The list() function will accept a string as the parameter and perform splitting internally.
  9. In the next line, there is a variable named chars which will hold the value returned by the list() function, which is the characters of the string.
  10. The next line is a comment which says, “Using the join() and split() functions to split a string into characters” is the next method you can use in your Python program.
  11. The next line contains a variable named str3 with the value of “abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz” assigned to it.
  12. In this method, you must perform two actions in order to split a given string into characters.
  13. The next 2 lines will perform these 2 actions to split a string into a list of characters.
  14. The first one is to use the join() function to add space between the characters of a string.
  15. And the second one is to use the split() function, which will split the characters between spaces in a string.
  16. The next line is a print statement which will print the resultant list of characters that were split from a string as the output.

Conclusion :-

So finally, in conclusion, we can say that with the help of this tutorial, you can now split a given string into a list of characters in a Python program.

You can use any of the methods mentioned above that you find easy to understand.

The best way to do the same is to use the second method, which uses the list class and list constructor to split a string into a list of characters.

I hope this tutorial on python split string into list of characters helps you and the steps and method mentioned above are easy to follow and implement.