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How To Create An API In JavaScript

Last Updated : Jul 3, 2023

How To Create An API In JavaScript

In this article we will show you the solution of how to create an API in JavaScript, Building an API using JavaScript is a great task for developers who want to expose application functionality to other applications or systems.

An API allows you to define endpoints or methods that other developers can use to interact with or access your application's data.

This tutorial will create a simple API that processes HTTP requests and returns JSON responses.

We will use Node.js and the Express.js framework to create an API. It also uses MongoDB as the database and Mongoose as the data warehouse (ODM).

We'll start by setting up our project and installing the necessary dependencies.

Then we create our server and define our API endpoints. Next, we'll connect to our MongoDB database and define our data model using Mongoose. Finally, we'll test our API using Postman.

Step By Step Guide On How To Create An API In JavaScript :-

const express = require('framework');
const mongoose = require('data_model');
const bodyParser = require('parser’);
const app = express();
// Connect to MongoDB
mongoose.connect('mongodb://localhost/myapp', {
  useNewUrlParser: true,
  useUnifiedTopology: true,
});
// Define the data model
const Schema = mongoose.Schema;
const MyModelSchema = new Schema({
  name: String,
  details: String,
});
const MyModel = mongoose.model('MyModel', MyModelSchema);
// Parse the JSON request body
app.use(bodyParser.json());
// Define our API endpoints
app.get('/api/mymodel', async (req, res) => {
  const mymodels = await MyModel.find();
  res.json(mymodels);
});
app.post('/api/mymodel', async (req, res) => {
  const { name, details } = req.body;
  const mymodel = new MyModel({ name, details });
  await mymodel.save();
  res.json(mymodel);
});
// Start the server
app.listen(3000, () => {
  console.log(' on port 3000');
});
  1. From the Code starting three lines of code, we need the module Express.js, Mongoose, and body-parser.
  2. After that create our Express.js application using express Function.
  3. Using Mongoose, we will connect to our MongoDB database.
  4. We parse the body of the JSON request using the body parser with schema and modelschema declaration.
  5. We define our API endpoints using Express.js. In this example, we define two endpoints: one to retrieve all records and one to create a new record.
  6. We define our API endpoints using Express.js. In this example, we define two endpoints: one to retrieve all records and one to create a new record.
  7. The `app.get()` method defines a GET endpoint for retrieving all records from our database. We use async/ait to call the data and use the res.json() method to return the result in JSON format.
  8. The 'app.post()' method defines the final POST to create a new file in our database. We use "req.body" to access the JSON data sent in the request body, we use ‘req.body` and create a new instance of our data model with the provided data. We then save the new instance to the database using the `mymodel.save()` method and return the new instance in JSON format using the `res.json()` method.
  9. Finally, we start our server on port 3000 and API is created.

Conclusion :-

In summary, building JavaScript APIs using Node.js and Express.js is a core skill for web developers.

Through this tutorial, we learned how to define a data model using Mongoose, handle HTTP requests and return JSON responses using Express.js, and how to connect to a MongoDB database.

With this knowledge, developers can create more complex APIs and integrate them into their web applications.

I hope this article on how to create an API in JavaScript helps you and the steps and method mentioned above are easy to follow and implement.

Author Image About Anjali

Experienced Computer Programmer with a broad range of experience in technology. Strengths in application development and Object Oriented architecture design, front end programming, usability and multimedia technology. Expert in coding languages such as C, C++ Java, JavaScript, PHP and more.

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